What types of laser eye treatment are available for my condition?

If you suffer from one of the more common refractive eye conditions, you may have considered corrective laser eye surgery. For many, the thought of invasive surgery can be daunting, and enough of a reason to stick with glasses or contact lenses, but actually, most eye laser treatment types use blade-free techniques to quickly and effectively perfect your eye-sight. Downtime is minimal and the results can be life-changing.

There are many different types of laser eye treatment, with a different method preferred depending on the health of the individual’s eyes. They can be used to treat short-sightedness (myopia), long-sightedness (hyperopia), and astigmatism or wavefront abnormalities.

If you are looking to replace your current glasses or contact lenses, why not consider one of the many types of laser eye treatment as a more permanent solution? Here at Optegra, we offer three different options, to ensure that all our clients are able to correct their eye deformities. Our NHS-trained surgeons assess each person individually, aiming to create a tailored treatment plan that ensures every patient can leave the clinic with improved eyesight.

Our eye laser treatment types include:


This stands for laser assisted in-situ keratomileusis. While the patient is awake, drops are administered to numb the eyes before the laser creates and connects thousands of miniscule dots on the cornea. This leaves a thin flap which is lifted to allow a second laser to reshape the area and fix any refractive errors. The flap is then carefully put back into place where it is able to heal without any further intervention. Some patients are fortunate enough to appreciate results immediately after the treatment, although full recovery takes around two to three months. Once the eye is fully healed, the patient’s eyesight should be much improved.

To be a candidate for this procedure, you should be over 18 years old and in good general health. You should not suffer from any eye disease, and other conditions such as infection or injury may also affect your eligibility. Those who regularly suffer from dry eye, or have a cornea thickness of less than 0.5mm should discuss other options with their practitioner. Pregnant and lactating women are recommended to wait before booking a laser eye treatment.


LASEK, or laser assisted epithelial keratomileusis, is an alternative option to LASIK, in which the thin outer layer of the cornea is lifted. After eye drops are applied, the protective layer is softened with an alcohol solution which allows it to be easily lifted. The area is then reshaped using a laser, and a bandage lens is applied to aid the healing process. This is kept in place for up to a week. This option is slightly uncomfortable for longer than LASIK, and vision will be impaired for up to two weeks after surgery. This is the preferred option for many, however, as the lack of an invasive flap reduces the risk of dry eye problems afterwards.

Some people who are not suitable for LASIK can look at LASEK as an alternative option. Although you should still be in good general health, with no serious eye disease, this surgery is suitable for those with thinner than average corneas and those that have had previous eye surgery.

This positive-sounding treatment stands for refractive lenticule extraction, small incision lenticule extraction. Once the eye is numbed, a superior 3D laser creates tiny bubbles around the area to be removed, which is then extracted through keyhole surgery. There is no flap created, the process takes seconds, and the cornea is reshaped to provide improved vision within a few hours. A few weeks later, recovery is completed and vision should be completely restored.

Suitable candidates for this procedure are those that are not pregnant, over 21 years of age, and in good general and eye health. Those with thin corneas, a history of dry eyes and with contact lens intolerance may also still benefit from this treatment.

Although this guide may make it clear to you which option is best, your surgeon will assess your individual case to make a more informed decision. As with any surgery, follow-up appointments will be scheduled and there can be complications. However, these are minor risks and have an incidence of less than 4%.
Now that you are a little more informed about the types of laser eye treatments available to you, why don’t you make an appointment to talk to one of our world-class surgeons?



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