Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of blindness in the developed world, so understanding the symptoms of macular degeneration is critical to protecting your eye health.
The symptoms of AMD tend to affect your daily life, develop slowly and they will gradually get worse over time. The most common symptom is a slight blurring of the central vision so you are unable to clearly see fine detail. This can cause difficulty reading or driving. You may also have trouble clearly identifying images or faces as they become distorted in the centre.
Other symptoms of age-related macular degeneration include experiencing difficulties distinguishing between two colours of a similar hue and you might also find your eyes struggle to adjust to different lights. In extreme cases, you may lose the ability to judge distances, such as the length of a step while walking, which can causes falls or missteps.
Macular degeneration affects your central vision rather than peripheral vision but AMD generally affects both eyes. In some cases, you may only notice problems in one eye to begin with, and your vision may be affected more in one eye than the other.
There is currently no known cure for macular degeneration, but there are steps you can take to try and reduce your risk of developing the eye condition. These include protecting your eyes from ultra violet light and avoiding smoking.
If you are concerned about macular degeneration and your eye health, visit an eye doctor. An eye doctor will be able to provide you with the right steps for you to take to maintain your eye health.