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What causes cataracts?

Cataracts are caused when the lens of the eye, which focuses light on the retina, becomes clouded. If you are suffering from cataracts, light will not pass through the lens properly, and your vision may be impaired.

The lens of the eye is mostly made up of protein and water. This protein is structured in a very precise way, to keep the lens clear and allow light to pass through. However, as we get older, some of the protein can begin to gather together, causing cloudiness in a small area of the lens which is known as a cataract. Without treatment, the cataract can continue to grow, impacting more of the lens and causing the symptoms of cataracts to become worse.


Who can get cataracts?

Cataracts are very common and can affect people from all backgrounds, although you are more likely to develop them the older you get. In many cases, people notice problems with their vision later in life as their lens changes over time. However, some people are born with the condition (in which case it is known as congenital cataracts), or develop cataracts during childhood. In most childhood cases, the cataracts will not noticeably affect vision until the individual develops additional lens changes later in life.

Women are at greater risk of developing cataracts than men. Other factors which could increase the risk of cataract formation for people of all age groups include:

  • A family history of cataracts
  • Eye injury or previous eye trauma
  • Diabetes
  • Steroid medication prescribed over a long period of time
  • Other eye conditions, such as long-term uveitis, retinal detachment, retinitis pigmentosa, and glaucoma
  • Over-exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation, including sunlamps, tanning booths, and sunlight
  • Having had vitrectomy surgery

Cataract surgery with Optegra

If you suffer from cataracts, then surgery is the best way to rectify the problem. Here at Optegra, we offer two main types of cataract treatment, including traditional cataract surgery and refractive cataract surgery. To find out more, take a look at our cataract treatment page.

Our world-class team of ophthalmic surgeons have an abundance of experience in performing cataract surgery procedures. You will see the same consultant all the way through the process, from the initial examination to your cataract surgery aftercare. Combine this with the innovative, industry-leading technology we use, and you won’t find better than Optegra.

Read our cataract surgery reviews to see what our customers have to say about us, or book a consultation to find out if cataract surgery could be right for you.


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