What is myopia?

Myopia, otherwise known as short-sightedness, is a common eye condition that causes objects in the distance to appear blurred while close objects are often seen clearly.

Myopia occurs when the eye has relatively too much focusing power, either due to the eye being too long or the cornea being more curved than usual making the eye too strong. As a result, when someone with myopia tries to look at distant objects, the rays of light are focused in front of the retina, rather than directly onto it, causing the appearance of those objects to become blurred.

What are the symptoms?

As myopia varies in severity, there is a range of degrees for symptoms:

  • You may have slight problems in focusing on details when watching TV or reading signs at a certain distance, but experience no more significant difficulty
  • Some may only be able to make out an object without glasses or contact lenses if they hold it very close to the eye.

What are the causes?

Myopia commonly runs in families and genes are likely to be a factor. Environmental factors might also contribute to its onset. A disproportionate amount of close work such as reading, writing and computer work could be linked. Also, a lack of sunlight, especially during close work activity, could increase the degree of myopia during the development stage. It is also more common in some races, i.e. Asian people.

Myopia typically develops around puberty, but its onset can be at any age. As myopia is caused by the eye growing longer, it usually becomes worse as a child progresses into adulthood.

In older people, it can be an early indication of cataracts.

What is the treatment?

The treatment for myopia is either glasses or contact lenses. Patients who no longer wish to rely on spectacles may wish to consider laser eye surgery.

At Optegra we know every patient is unique, so we offer a detailed consultation with one of our Consultant Ophthalmic Surgeons to determine suitability, answer all your questions and explain the vision correction treatment options.

Laser eye surgery: The most common treatment for patients with myopia who don’t want to wear glasses or contact lenses. Excimer laser technology ensures that your advanced, customised surgery can be performed with laser precision. Read more

Clarivu™ lens replacement: Optegra’s medical package for a proven and permanent lens replacement procedure also known as Refractive Lens Exchange (RLE). It’s a technically-advanced development of cataract surgery; one of the world’s most frequently performed surgical procedures. If a patient has myopia with presbyopia or a cataract then Clarivu may be an option. Read more

Phakic ICL (implantable contact lens): a surgical procedure in which a lens is placed in your eye between your natural lens and iris, or between the iris and cornea. Sometimes called a Phakic IOL (intraocular lens). Read more

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